Hulse Records in Frederick & Berkeley Counties, Virginia 1749-1800

There were two different Hulse families living on or near the Potomac River in Frederick (later Berkeley) County at the same time.  The two families were located about 25 miles apart as the crow flies but nearly twice that far via the twists and turns of the Potomac River.  

  •  Josiah Hulse (? – 1778), who had come from New Jersey, was living near the mouth of Sleepy Creek before 1749.  
  • Richard Hulse (? – 1770), also apparently from New Jersey, appears to have arrived near Shepherdstown about twenty years later.  

Whether these two families were related is unknown, but  I could not uncover any interactions between them.  Sleepy Creek empties into the Potomac River about 25 miles upstream from Shepherdstown. 

A wagon road existed between Philadelphia and Winchester that was probably the route followed by


ca1746?
Apparent Survey: for Josiah Hulse on Sleepy Creek, referred to by the 1753 survey below.

The survey of 7 May 1753 (see below) refers to Josiah Hulse’s “former survey”.  But there are no surveys for Josiah Hulse in 1747 or later according to Peggy Shomo Joyner’s “Northern Neck Warrants & Surveys, Federick County, 1747-1780.” 

15 November 1749
Bond: Henry Kipp and Thomas Lester, both of Piscataway at the Landing in Middlesex County in the Province of New Jersey, Cooper and Miller, are held and firmly bound unto Josiah Hulse of Sleepy Creek in the County of Frederick in the colony of Virginia, Cooper, in the full and just sum of £34 current money of the Province of East New Jersey… the condition of the above obligation is… (to) truly save and keep harmless the above named Josiah Hulse… from all damages that may arise from a seartain bond that the sd. Josiah Hulse gave to Mr. Williams attorney at Law at New Brunswick in the Province of New Jersey conditioned for the payment of £16 (and) odd shillings… Signed: Henry Kipp, Thomas Lester. Witness: James Dunbar, John White. [Frederick County Deed Book 2, p46.]

Josiah Hulse is clearly from New Jersey and was in Frederick County at least two years before Rickard Hulse was married in New Jersey.

Sleepy Creek was (is) a tributary of the Potomac River, located in the part of Frederick County that became Berkeley County in 1772.  

15 February 1750/1
Road Order:  Ordered that Josiah Huls be Overseer of the road from Sleepy Creek to the Widow Paul’s in the room of Hugh Paul deceased. [Frederick County Order Book 3, p387.]

He was replaced eleven years later (see below).

25 May 1751
Marriage License: Richard Hulst and Mary Williams, at Monmouth, NJ. Permission by mother Sarah WIlliams. [New Jersey, County Marriages 1682-1956″, family search.org Film #00802938.]

27 May 1751
Marriage: Williams, Mary, (of) Monmouth and Richard Hulst, (of) Monmouth
[“Index to Marriage Bonds and Marriage Records in the Office of the Secretary of State at Trenton”, William Nelson, ed., Documents Relating to the Colonial History of the State of New Jersey, Vol. XXII “Marriage Records 1660-1800”, p455.]

4 April 1753
Survey: for Edward McGuire, assignee of Valentine Crawfor, forfeited by Henry Dorset, 343 acres on Sleepy Creek near Potomack adjacent to (according to warrant) Rose’s orphans & Josiah Hults.  [Peggy Shomo Joyner, Abstracts of Northern Neck Warrants & Surveys, Frederick County 1747-1780, Vol. II, p101.]

4 April 1753
Warrant: Whereas Josiah Huls of Frederick County hath informed us that there are about one hundred acres of waste & engrafted land in the said County adjoining his own line & the lines of Roses orphans and desiring a warrant to survey the same in order to obtain a deed… Thomas Rutherford to survey the said land… [FHL Film #007849175. Also Library of Virginia Northern Neck Grants files.]. (Emphasis added.)

5 May 1753
Survey on above warrant:  for Josiah Huls of Frederick County, 89 acres… on Sleepy Creek and bounded as followeth: Beginning at five poplars standing on the East side of the said Creek in the last line of his former survey, then with this same line N50E 38 poles to two black oaks on a hill, thence with another line S43E 93p to a white oak and poplar… (Signed) Thomas Rutherford.  Chain men: John Coulter, Lucas Hook (Hood?)  Paid 9 July 1760.  [FHL Film #007849175. Also Library of Virginia Northern Neck Grants files.]. (Emphasis added.)

The grant was issued seven years later. The reference to “his own line” and “the last line of his former survey” appears to refer to the grant issued on 4 July 1760, the survey for which evidently predated this one and was likely done in the mid 1740s..  The line heading N50E appears to be the same as the line heading S50W in the 4 July 1760 grant.

5 May 1754
Survey: for Thomas Harmison, assignee of Thomas Swearingen, assignee of Lucas Hood, assignee of Thomas Cherry, no warrant, 247 acres surveyed 5 May 1754 at head spring of Ambrose Run below Sleepy Creek near Potomac River.. Chain Carriers: Josiah Hults & Wm. Smith. [Peggy Shomo J69.]

ca1755
James Hulse, son of Richard Hulse, born [Pension Application — see separate webpage]

The statements conflict.  His 1819 deposition states that he was in his 63rd year in September 1819 — which implies that he was been born in late 1756 or early to mid 1757.  The 1821 deposition states that he was aged 66 in June 1821 — implying a birth in late 1754 or early 1755.  If Richard Hulse’s children were listed in birth order in his will, James Hulse was the fourth child.

His modern-day gravestone carries a birth date of 1757.  Many internet postings give him a birth date of 10 May 1759 — which would have made him 60, not 63, in 1819 and 62, not 66, in 1821.

2 April 1754
Suit: Josiah Hulse vs. Robert Jackson & Samuel Cornwell, in Debt. The Def’ts not being found this suit is ordered to be dismissed. [Frederick County Order Book 5, p351.]

5 June 1754
Josiah Hults (sic) vs. Daniel Cannady & Charles McDonetry(?) in Debt.  (Summary: Jury found for plaintiff, ordered defendants to pay £7:11:3 plus interest from 12 August 1750 and one penny damages. [Frederick County Order Book 5, p501.]

7 February 1755
Receipt: This day received of Josiah Hulse £22:10s current. money on the account of the effects of Daniel Rate dec’d… (Signed) Tho. Swearengen. [Frederick County Deed Book 3, p415.]

3 April 1755
Survey: Philip Crimson, assignee of Isaac Pearce, assignee of Thomas Stilwell, 208 acres on Sleepy Creek adjoining Josiah Hults. [Northern Neck Grants Book S, p95. Grant not issued until 5 September 1780.]

7 May 1755
Court: Josiah Hulse, Andrew Paul and Pierce Butler severally in open court acknowledged themselves indebted to our sovereign Lord the King his heirs and successors, the sd. Josiah in the sum of £100 and the said Andrew and Pierce in the sum of £50 each… in case the sd. Josiah do not appear at the next Grand Jury Court… to answer what shall be objected to him in his majesties behalf as a receiver of stolen goods.
Same Court: Thomas Willswell (?) and George Hill acknowledge themselves bound… to give testimony a the next Grand Jury Court… to give evidence in behalf of our Ld. the King ag’st Josiah Hulse for receiving stolen goods. [Frederick County Order Book 6, p250.]

The following Grand Jury sessions do’t seem to have any mention of this case.

6 June 1755
Suit: Josiah Hulse and Hannah his wife vs. Andrew Campbell & Thomas Cason, in Debt. This suit being agreed I ordered to be dismissed. [Frederick County Order Book 6, p324.]

2 September 1755
At a court martial held [for Frederick County] 2 Sept. 1755… Delinquents of Capt. John Harden’s company of Foot. The following were fined for missing 1 muster…John Hultz…  [Lloyd DeWitt Bockstruck, Virginia’s Colonial Soldiers (Genealogical Publishing Col, 1988) , p351.]

I wonder if “John” might have been “Josiah”, as there is no other mention of a John Hultz that I could find in Frederick records.  Capt. John Hardin replaced Thomas Rutherford as Captain of the company in 1754 and served through at least 1758.   

3 July 1760
Land Grant: Josiah Huls, 89 acres on Sleepy Creek (for description, see survey of 1753 above.). [Northern Neck Grants Book K, p173.]

4 July 1760
Land Grant: Josiah Huls, 334 acres on Sleepy Creek surveyed by Guy Broadwater. Beginning at a forked red oak standing on the point of a hill near Sleepy Creek, extending up the creek S42E across the creek at 68p, the same course continued 20p, then S31W 42p to two gums standing at the edge of the sd. Creek, then into the woods S50W 260p to a large pine in a valley cross’d the Creek at 12p, thence N32W 180p to a pine on a high hill, then N58E to the beginning…[Northern Neck Grants Book K, p174.]

This is the former survey referred to in the 1753 survey. The S50W line crossing the creek is the same as the N50E line beginning at the creek in that 1753 survey.

28 July 1760
Land Grant: Josiah Huls, 125 acres on Sleepy Creek and the Potomac River, surveyed by Guy Broadwater. Beginning at an ash corner to Ann Moody standing near Potomac Rive, extending down the said River S40E 60p, then S35E 60p, then S53E 30p, then S64E 40p, then East 40p to an elm and black walnut standing at the mouth of Sleepy Creek, then up the said Creek S34W 18p, then S59W 20p, then N82W 16p, then S82W 17p, then N57W 54p to a white oak standing near Sleepy Creek at the foot of a hill, then S20W 80p, thence N70W 100p to a white oak standing in the line of the said Ann Moody then with her line 90p to the beginning… [Northern Neck Grants Book K, p174.]

Ann Moody’s grant, also issued in 1760,  was for 337 acres on the south bank of the Potomac River [Northeren Neck Grants Book K, p166.]

5 March 1761
Road Order: William Cherry is Appointed Overseer of the road from Sleepy Creek to the Widow Pauls in the room of Josiah Hulse, Ordered that the Tithables formerly appointed work on the same. [Frederick County Order Book 9, p276.]

9 October 1761
Fine: At a court martial held [for Frederick County] 9 October 1761… From Capt. Thomas Caton’s company: The following fines were levied: fined 20 she for being absent from 1 general musterL William Cherry, John Mercer, Josiah Hultz, Adam Pain…(26 more names).  [Lloyd DeWitt Bockstruck, Virginia’s Colonial Soldiers (Genealogical Publishing Col, 1988) , p345.]

Adam Payne’s grant was separated from Josiah Hulse by the Ann Moody grant.

10 September 1762
Order: Ordered that John Hardin pay Josiah Hults Sen’r and Josiah Hults Jun’r 100 pounds of tobacco for six days attendance as witnesses for him against Jonathan Rose. [Frederick County Order Book 10, p227.]

1764
Rent Roll, Frederick County: Josiah Hults [According to ancestry.com]

9 August 1765
Suit: Josiah Hults vs. Daniel Rawlings in Case. Dismissed agreed by parties. [Frederick County Order Book 12, p528.

3 September 1767
Suit: Josiah Hults vs. Daniel Rawlings & Michael Rawlings, in Debt. Referred to next court.[Frederick County Order Book 13, p129.]

3 May 1768
Suit:  Josiah Hults vs. Michael Johnstone, in Case. (Summary: Jury called and ruled that plaintiff “hath sustained damages by occasion of the premises in the declaration mentioned and they do assess his damages to one penny besides his cost.”  Court ordered that plaintiff recover against the defendant and Jonathan Rose (his) bail for his appearance.). [Frederick County Order Book 13, p257.]

5 August 1768
Ordered that John Hardinger jur, Henry Heath, John Geestin [Gustin?] & Josiah Hults or any Three of them being first Sworne do View the Ground from the Warm Springs to the County line & make Report of the Conveniences & Inconveniences that may attend the opening a Road on the same to the Next Court. [Frederick County Order Book 14, p318.]

4 April 1769
Ordered that Thomas Thornbrough Jonathon Rose Lucas Hood & Josiah Hults or any Three of them being first Sworne do Veiw the Ground from Thomas Cherrys ford to the Warm Springs Road by Lucas Hoods & Report the Conveniences & Inconveniences that may Attend the turning the same. [Frederick County Order Book 14, p451.]

23 July 1770
In the Name of God Amen I Richard Hulse of Frederick County Province of Virginia being Weak in Body but of sound & Perfect Mind & Memory Blessed be God for the same do made[sic] and Publish this my Last Will and Testament that (is to say) first I allow all my Lawful Estate as also my Funeral Expenses. I also give unto my beloved Mary Hulse all the Remainder of my Estate as long as she shall remain a Widow Except what is hereafter Mentioned. I Will and Bequeath unto my son William Hulse a Mare and Saddle & Bridle when he shall arrive at age & to Live with his Mother until that time as also all my cloaths. I also Allow that my son Joseph Hulse & James Hulse be Put out to Trades, but if the said Mary Hulse does not Continue a Widow but Marrys again that then I do Will that my Estate shall be Equally Divided Between the said Mary Hulse & my children before mentioned Viz Wm. Hulse, Susanna Hulse, Joseph Hulse, James Hulse, Catharine Hulse, Easter Hulse & Mary Hulse. I do hereby Lastly appoint & Ordain Mary Hulse my beloved Wife my Sole Executrix of this my Last Will and Testament hereby Revoking all former Wills by me made. In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my Hand & Seal the twenty third day of July in the Year of our Lord one thousand seven Hundred & Seventy.
Signed & sealed… Richard  [his RH mark] Hulse.  [Witness:] James Clark, Thomas Shepherd Junr., Wm. Shepherd.
[Frederick County Will Book 4, p44-45.]

The children are evidently listed in birth order — note that the daughters are listed in this same order in the nuncupatinve will of Sarah Williams.  

The daughter Susannah Hulse (? – 17 November 1839) married Thomas Shepherd (c1743-1795), a brother of David, William, and Abraham Sheppard and is buried in the Shepherd burial ground in Shepherdstown. 

8 November 1770
At a Court Continued & held for Frederick County November 8th 1770 This Last Will and Testament of Richard Hulse Deceased was proved by the Oaths of the Witnesses thereto and ordered to be Recorded. The Executrix therein named being Dead upon the motion of Van Swearingen, who made Oath thereto Certificate is granted him for Obtaining Letters of Administration with the said Will annexed he giving Security Whereupon he together with John Wright & Josiah Swearingen his Securities entered into & Acknowledged a Bond in the Penalty of Five Hundred Pounds Conditioned for his due & faithful administration of the sd. Estate.
[Frederick County Will Book 4, p45-46. and Frederick County Order Book 15, 1770-1772, p56.]

Mary Hulse died sometime between July 1770 and November 1770, apparently leaving all the children truly orphaned.

There does not seem to be any.relationship between Van Swearingen and either Richard Hulse or Sarah Williams. The Swearingens had been in Frederick County for more than thirty years — Van’s brother Thomas Swearingen operated the ferry at SHepherdstown.  There were two men named Van Swearingen in the county at this time — an uncle and his nephew, both of whom lived at Shepherds Town.  The administrator of the estate was apparently the elder Van Swearingen (1719-1788). Note that he also took administration of the estate of Sarah Williams (see below). It is possible that Hulse and Williams were his tenants.

8 November 1770
At a Court held for Frederick County… Ordered that David Shepherd, James Clarke, William Shepherd, & Thomas Shepherd Junr. or any three of them being first sworn do appraise the Slaves, if any, and the Personal Estate of Richard Hulse  dec’d… [Frederick County Order Book 15 ,1770-1772, p56.]

Appraisers were chosen from close neighbors who had no personal interest in the estate. The sis a good indication that Richard Hulse lived in, or very near, Shepherdstown.

8 November 1770
(Court date continued) Ordered that the Churchwardens do Bind out according to Law William Hulse of seventeen years of age the 14th day of October last to Patrick Donaldson who is to learn him to read write & cypher & the Trade of a Joiner.
Van Swearingen is appointed Guardian to Isaac Hults (sic), Catharine Hults, Esther Hults,, Mary Hults, and Susannah Hults orphans of Richard Hults dec’d until they obtain to Lawful Age he having given Bond with Security as the Law directs.
[Frederick County Order Book 15, 1770-1772, p59.]

William Hults was born 14 October 1753v according to the earlier court record.  The other children are presumably not yet 14, the age at which they could choose their own guardian.  Curiously neither Joseph nor James is mentioned in this record, but one of them was apparently mis-recorded as “Isaac”. That may refer to James, who was bound out six months later (see below).

There is no mention here or later of Joseph Hulse, who may have already died along with Richard Hulse, his wife Mary and mother-in-law Sarah Williams.

8 November 1770
The Deposition of William Shepherd being of Full age taken before me the subscriber one of his Majesty’s Justices of the Peace for the said County. The Deponent being first Sworn on the Holy Evangelists Deposeth & sayeth that on or about the tenth day of august Last he the Deponent being at the House of Richard Hulse in the said County was Called upon by one Sarah Williams who then Lay sick on her Death Bed & who Requested the Deponent & his Brother David Shepherd then Present to See that the following articles of her Estate should be given & Disposed of in the manner hereafter Mentioned. Thats to say, her Bed & furniture to be sold & the Money Arising from said sale to be given & applied toward the Support & Maintenance of her grand Daughter Mary Hulse being the Youngest (sic) of the Richard Hules[sic] – And that two gold Rings, Three Silver Spoons, Six Pewter Plates One Pewter Basin & 1 Pewter Dish or Platter should be sold and the Money arising from the sd. Sale to be Equally given & Divided Between her other grand Daughters Susanna Hules[sic], Catherine Hulse, & Hesther Hules[sic] Daughters of the above Mentioned Richard Hulse.  [Unsigned]
[Frederick County Will Book 4, p46.]

…the Deposition of David Shepherd being of full age… being first sworn… sayeth that on or about the tenth of August last he the Deponent being at the house of Richard Hulse in the said county was called upon by one Sarah Williams who then lay sick on her Death Bed who Requested the Deponent & his Brother  William Shepherd then present would see the following Articles of her Estate given & Disposed of in the manner here after mentioned Thats to say her Bed & furniture to be sold & the Money Arising from said sale to be given & applied toward the Maintenance of her grand Daughter Mary Hulse being the Youngest Daughter of the said Richard Hulses and that two gold Rings, three Silver Spoons, 6 Pewter Plates, One Pewter Bason and one Pewter Dish or Platter should be sold and the Money Arising from the said Sale to be Equally Divided & given to her other grand Children Susannah Hulse, Catherine Hulse, & Hester Hulse Daughters of the above Mentioned Richard Hulse. .  [Unsigned]. [Frederick County Will Book 4, p46.]

9 November 1770
At a Court Continued & Held for Frederick County November 9th 1770… The Nuncupative will of Sarah Williams [miswritten as “Shepherd” in the will book] Deceased was proved by the oaths of William Shepherd & David Shepherd & their Depositions ordered to be Recorded and upon the Motion of Van Swearingen Administration with the will annexed is granted him…
[Frederick County Court Order Book 15, p61. and Will Book 4, p47.]

Ordered that David Shepherd, William Shepherd, Thomas Shepherd Junr., and James Clarke, being first sworn being first sworn do appraise the Slaves, if any, and Personal Estate of Sarah Williams  dec’d & Report the value thereof to the Court.. [Frederick County Order Book 15, 1770-1772, p61.]

Note that the court entry clarifies that her name as “Shepherd” in the Will Book was a copying error by the clerk.  Was Sarah Williams the mother of Mary Hulse or could she have been the widowed-and-remarried mother of Richard Hulse?  Note that Sarah WIlliams made no specific mention of Mary being her daughter or of Richard being her son. I assume that it is partly upon this evidence that it is assumed that Richard Hulse was the same person who married in New Jersey in 1751.

David Shepherd (1734-1795) and William Shepherd (c1740-1824) were sons of Thomas Shepherd (c1705-1776) who founded Shepherdstown (which was originally called Mecklenburg).  They were also brothers of the Thomas Shepherd who married Susannah Hulse and of Abraham Shepherd (1754-1822) who commanded the company in which James Hulse served in 1777. Van Swearingen and his brother Thomas, who operated the ferry across the river to Maryland, also lived at Shepherdstown.

9 November 1770
Ordered that Van Swearingen pay David Shepherd fifty pounds tobacco for attending Court two days to Prove Williams Will. (Same for William Shepherd.). Ordered that Van Swearingen pay James Clarke fifty pounds tobacco for attending Court two days to Prove Hults Will. (Same for Thomas Shepherd Junr..). [Frederick County Order Book 15, 1770-1772, p62..]

9 March 1771
Suit Paul Hults vs. John Cherry, in Trespass. Ordered this suit be discontinued. [Frederick County Order Book 15, 1770-1772, p158.]

Apparently a son of Josiah Hulse?

8 May 1771
At a Court held for Frederick County… Ordered that the Churchwardens of Norborne parish do Bind out James Hults to Jeremiah Dungen till he come of Age, who is to learn him to Read Write & Cypher and the trade of a Mason.
Ordered that the Churchwardens of Norborne parish do Bind out Catherine Hults to George McNabb till she come of Age, who is to learn her to Read & Write.
Ordered that the Churchwardens of Norborne parish do Bind out Esther Hults to Van Swearingen till she come of Age, who is to learn her to Read & Write.
Ordered that the Churchwardens of Norborne parish do Bind out Mary Hults to John Mitchell till she come of Age, who is to learn her to Read & Write.
[Frederick County Order Book 15, 1770-1772, p190.]

10 February 1772
Berkeley County (now West Virginia) carved out of the northern portion of Frederick County.  Shepherdstown fell into Berkeley County as did Sleepy Creek so all Hulses are now in Berkeley County.

16 June 1772
On the petition of William Hults, infant, ordered that Patrick Donaldson his master be summoned to appear at the next court to answer the complaint of the said William Hults. [Berkeley County Order Book 1, p8.]

This is the son of Richard Hulse, now about age 19, who had been bound out to Donaldson two years earlier.

15 June 1773
Thomas Hults is appointed constable the ensuing year in the room of Stephen Boyles… [Berkeley County Order Book 1, p333.]

Perhaps a son of Josiah Hulse?  Stephen Boyle(s) had sold land to Jonathan Rose the year before, so his district may have included Sleepy Creek.  Since the county had several constables, we might infer that Thomas Hults may have lived around Sleepy Creek.

Note that a portion of the index for this order book is unreadable, including many of the “H” entries.

1773
Marriage: Susannah Hulse & Thomas Shepherd.
[Samuel Gordon Smyth, A Genealogy of the Duke-Shepherd-Van Metre Family (1909), p223.]

Thomas Shepherd (Junior) was the brother of William and David Shepherd above, and the brother of Abraham Shepherd under whom James Hulse served in the Revolution. According to this book Susannah remarried to a Brooke and is buried in the Shepherd burial ground. Find-a-Grave lists her married name as “Brook” and her date of death as 17 November 1839.

22 September 1773
Court: On the motion of Josiah Hults it is ordered that William Cummins pay him 225 pounds of tobacco for nine days attendance as a witness for him against John Champion. [Berkeley County Order Book 2, p2.]

He is no longer referred to as “Senior”.  Apparently Josiah Hulse Jr. has either left the area or died.

19 October 1773
Suit:  Van Swearingen, adm’r of Richard Hulse vs. Joseph Cowenauer(sp?) on attachment… continued [Berkeley County Order Book 2, p59.]

16 November 1773
Suit:  Van Swearingen, adm’r of Richard Hulse vs. Joseph Cowenauer(sp?) on attachment… Joseph Seaman, a garnishee in this attachment being sworn at a former Court declared that he had two plow irons, two mattocks, and two large bundles left at his house by a stranger and the plaintiff failing to appear to replevy the same tho solemnly called Therefore it is considered by the Court that the plaintiff recover against the said defendant £2:7:1 with interest thereon [at 5%] from 12 May 1770… and it is ordered that the Sheriff expose to sale the attached effects… and the money arising from such sale be applied towards the discharge of this judgment.  [Berkeley County Order Book 2, p97.]

This implies that Richard Hulse was a farmer rather than tradesman

1774 etc.
Rent Roll of Berkeley County for the years 1774, 1775, 1776, 1777, etc.:
Josiah Hulse 538 acres
[Danske Dandridge, Historic Shepherdstown (The Mitchie Company, Printers, 1910), p67.]

1775-6
Roster of Captain Hugh Stephenson’s Company of Riflemen: …William Hulse… [Willis F. Evans, History of Berkeley County, West Virginia (Heritage Books, 2007), p140. Apparently sourced from Dandridge, p88.]

The company was organized in June 1775 to serve for one year.  it marched to Boston in 1775.  The members of the company were predominantly residents in and around Shepherdstown.

1775
An Alphabetical List of Officers and Privates Connected with Shepherdstown… During the Revolution… “Hulse, Peter. Enlisted in Captain Stephenson’s company in 1775. After the Revolution moved to Wheeling, where, in 1825, he was still living. He owned a ferry in that place.”  [Dandridge, p325.]

Dandridge separately lists the roster of Stephenson’s company for 1775-6 but the name there is William Hulse. And we have other record of William Hulse’s service.  Is the name “Peter” a misprint?

28 January 1777
James Hulse enlists in Company H, 12th Virginia Regiment at Shepherdstown, Berkeley County, Virginia. [H Company Pay Rolls, NARA records at www.fold3.com]

Company pay rolls and muster rolls exist for much of the 1777-1779 period.  According to a pay roll for June 1777 he was paid from day of enlistment, January 28, to last day of June 1777, amounting to five months and two days.  Although the company was initially commanded by Abraham Shepherd, it was commanded by Captain Joseph Mitchell in mid and late 1777, then by Captain Thomas Bowyer in December 1777, then by Major Jonathan Clark in mid-1778..

1777-1779
James Hulse Revolutionary War Service — see pension papers.  Several score monthly payrolls and muster rolls exist in NARA records confirming his service.

Muster rolls show him “sick in Virginia” in June 1777, sick on and off at Valley Forge from February through June  1778, sick at Yellow Spring in July 1778, at camp at “Robinson’s Farm in September 1778 and at Middleburg in late 1778,  His name is mostly spelled “Hulse” but also appears as Hulce, Hults, Huls, Hulls, and once as Hulsy.

In late 1779 the Regiment became the 8th Virginia. A muster roll of November 1779 at a camp “near Morristown (New Jersey)” his enlistment date was written as January 10, 1777.  The last muster roll shows him present in August 1779.

21 April 1778
Administration Bond:  Jonathan Rose and Paul Hulse, Administrators of Josiah Hulse deceased, bond for £2,000.  [Berkeley County Administrator’s Bonds 1773-1791, FHL Film #007617826, image 50.]

Paul Hulse was the eldest son. Was Jonathan Rose married to a daughter of Josiah Hulse?  .

11 May 1778
Inventory & Appraisment: the estate of Josiah Hulse deceased appraised by Utter Spahar(?), William Withers and Aaron Cherry: (I did not transcribe it, but note that it included 5 slaves, 2 horses, several cows, other livestock…) Totaled £908:11:0. Returned 19 May 1778.   [Berkeley County Will Book 1, p129. Also noted in Order Book 3, p174.]

18 June 1778
Suit:  William Hulse vs. William Graham, upon replevy… the defendant saith that the Rent in the declaration mentioned is due and the plaintiff in reply saith that no Rent is due at which he is ready to aver… referred to next Court. [Berkeley County Order Book 3, p239.]

This is surely the eldest son of Richard Hulse, now aged 24.  Some internet posters claim him as a son of Josiah Hulse, apparently unaware that Richard Hulse had a son named William.

This suit was eventually settled out of court, for it was dismissed by agreement of the parties.

16 September 1778
Suit:  Elizabeth Hulse vs. Thomas Harmiston, in Case. This day came the Parties by their attorneys and the Defendant saith that they did not assume upon them selves in manner and form as the Plaintiff against them hath declared and of this they put themselves upon the Country and ____ & likewise and the Trial of the Issue is referred till the next Court. [Berkeley County Order Book 3, p251 and p316 etc. until Order Book 4, p17..]

Josiah Hulse had been a chain carrier for Thomas Harmison’s survey near Sleepy Creek in 1754 and his land either bordered or was very close to Josiah Hulse. Is Elizabeth Hulse the widow of Josiah Hulse, perhaps a wife subsequent to Hannah? Note that only an unmarried woman could file suit.  This suit was continued several times, and eventually discontinued.

ca August 1779
Lease & Release Deed:  On the _____ day of ____ 1779… Paul Hulse and Eleanor his wife to Robert Hulse, all of Berkeley County, for five shillings, 89 acres… a certain tract of land granted by Patent unto Josiah Hulse bearing date the third day of July 1760… [same metes and bounds as the 3 July 1760 grant]. Signed: Paul Hulse, Eleanor (x) Hulse. Witness: James Small, John Swaim, Stephen Boyle.  Acknowledged by Paul Hulse and Eleanor his wife on 19 August 1779.   [Berkeley County Deed Book 5, pp308-10.]

Note that there is no release of dower by the widow of Josiah Hulse. Whether that was ignored or overlooked, or whether the widow (if any) was deceased, is uncertain.

17 March 1780
Survey:  Surveyed for Robert Hulse on 17 March 1780, on Proprietors Warrant #1015, 367 acres “of vacant land on Sleepy Creek and the dranes thereof… on the side of a hill in the line of Josiah Hulse‘s patent of 334 acres…” adjoining Robert Hulse, Jonathan Rose, Robert Duke, Lucas Hood, Wm. Stuckey, Philip Crissman, John Meeks, Sleepy Creek. [Northern Neck Surveys No. 2 (1788-1794), pp379.]

This is an oddly shaped tract that apparently represented the vacant land surrounding the various earlier patents by neighbors.  Note that the warrant was issued by Fairfax, the survey was done in 1780 and held until 1791 and the grant issued until 1792.

23 March 1780
Suit: Robert Hulse vs. Jonathan Rose, breach of promise.  [Berkeley County Order Book 4, p112, 193, 238, 283, 468.]

This suit was continued several times, with Paul Hulse apparently serving as security for Jonathan Rose, and eventually resolved in favor of Robert Hulse.  Details were not provided in the record. Possibly an inheritance-related issue?

1 September 1780
Discharge: “Halifax 1 Sep’r 1780 Sergant William Hulse having served faithfully three years in the 3rd Reg’t of Light Dragoons is hereby discharged the sd Hulse is a man of Honesty and Integrity. (Signed) W. Washington, Lt. Coll. [Library of Virginia Rev. War Bounty Land Warrants, attached to warrant issued in 1783]

This is the son of Richard Hulse — see entry at 1783 below noting that his pay was received by Capt. Shepherd. He must not have served continuously as he was suing William Graham in Berkeley County in 1778 and 1779.

1782 
Land Tax, Berkeley County 1st Battalion:
Paul Hulse – 125 acres & 141 acres
Elizabeth Hulse – 133 acres

I did not see Robert Hulse, but a few names are unreadable. How Elizabeth Hulse came to be charged with land tax is not at all clear. Josiah Hulse died intestate in 1778 and Virginia did not enact an inheritance law to replace primogeniture until 1784, so the eldest son would have inherited his land and his widow would have had only her dower right to it.

24 October 1783
A List of Soldiers of the Virginia Line on Continental Establishment who have received Certificates for the balance of there (sic) full pay… Sgt. William Hulse, Company H… £137:19:3…by whole Received: Capt. Shepherd.  [NARA Records, accessed at fold3.com]

1783
Personal Property Tax, Berkeley County
District 7:  Paul Hulse – 1 poll, 1 slave under 16, 3 horses, 7 cattle
District 7:  Robert Hulse – 1 poll, 1 slave under 16, 2 horses, 2 cattle
District 12:  William Hulse – 1 poll, 2 horses, 2 cattle

These tax lists are usually dated in the summer of the following year, but are for the year stated.

1784
Personal Property Tax, Berkeley County
John Devenport’s District:  Paul Hulse – 1 poll, 3 horses, 7 cattle
John Devenport’s District:  Robert Hulse – 1 poll, 2 horses, 2 cattle
John Cooke’s District:  William Hulse – 1 poll, 2 horses, 2 cattle

1785
Personal Property Tax, Berkeley County
Peter Bryan Bruin’s District:  Elizabeth Hulse – no white polls, 1 slave, 1 horse, 2 cattle
Peter Bryan Bruin’s District:  Robert Hulse – 1 poll, 1 horse, 2 cattle
John Cooke’s District:  William Hultz – 1 poll, 5 horses, 1 cattle

Odd, Elizabeth is listed, but not Paul.  What happened to Paul’s poll?

1785 
Land Tax, Berkeley County 1st Battalion:
Paul Hulse – 125 acres & 141 acres
Elizabeth Hulse – 133 acres

1786
Personal Property Tax, Berkeley County
Peter Bryan Bruin’s District:  Robert Hulse – 1 poll, 2 horses, 2 cattle
John Kearsley’s District:  William Hulse – 1 poll, 5 horses, 2 cattle
William Little’s District:  William Hulse – 1 poll, 2 horses, 1 cattle

Paul Hulse is missing this year, and is not among those added later by the court.  Was he the first “William” Hulse above?  Or was he elsewhere? or taxed to someone else? 

The two William Hulse’s may be the same person counted twice. John Kearsley lived near Sheperdstown, as did William Little.

1787
Personal Property Tax, Berkeley County, 1st Battalion:
Paul Hulse – 2 males> 21 (Paul Hulse, Elisha Meeks), 3 horses, 4 cattle
Robt. Hulse – 1 male>21, 2 horse, 2 cattle
Personal Property Tax, Berkeley County, 2nd Battalion:
William Hulse – 1 male>21, 1 horse, 3 cattle

1788
Personal Property Tax, Berkeley County, 1st Battalion:
Paul Hulse – 5 horses
Robt. Hulse – 2 horses

William Hulse I missing this year.  The format of the tax list changed significantly this year, listing horses and white males over 21.

1789
Personal Property Tax, Berkeley County, 1st Battalion:
Paul Hulse – 5 horses
Robt. Hulse – 2 horses

Same as in 1788.  Both men gave in their taxables in November 

1789 
Land Tax, Berkeley County 1st Battalion:
Paul Hulse – 125 acres & 320 acres
Robert Hulse – 100 acres

Elizabeth Hulse is not longer taxed, but whether that is because she died or married is uncertain.

1790
Personal Property Tax List, Berkeley County, 1st Battalion:
Robert Huls – 1 male >16, 1 horse
Paul Huls – 3 males >16, 4 horses

1791
Personal Property Tax List, Berkeley County, 1st Battalion:
Robert Hulse – 1 male >16, 2 horses
Paul Hulse – 3 males >16, 2 horses, 1 slave aged 12-16

14/15 February 1792
Lease & Release Deed: Paul Hulse and Eleanor his wife of Berkeley County to Michael Crow of Frederick County, Maryland, for £150 Pennsylvania currency, 125 acres “laying on the river Potomack and joining on the mouth of Sleepy Creek… Beginning at an ash corner to Ann Moody but now belonging to Jonathan Rose’s estate…”  Signed: Paul Hulse, Eleanor (x) Hulse. Witness: Peter Light, (2 uncertain names). [Berkeley County Deed Book 10, pp180-184.]

20/21 February 1792
Lease & Release Deed: Paul Hulse and Eleanor his wife of Berkeley County to Christopher Dedrick of Berkeley County, for £282:10 Pennsylvania currency, 327 acres “on Sleepy Creek and surveyed for Josiah Hulse by Guy Broadwater and descended to Paul Hulse being his heir at law …  registered in the office of the said proprietor in Book K folio 174…”  Signed: Paul Hulse, Eleanor (x) Hulse. Witness: Peter Light, And’w Hart, George Frederick(?). [Berkeley County Deed Book 10, pp184-187.]

This cements the case for Paul Hulse being the eldest surviving son of Josiah Hulse.  The acreage has changed since the grant, perhaps due to a newer, more accurate survey.

1792
Personal Property Tax List, Berkeley County, 1st Battalion:
Robert Hulse – 1 male >16, 1 horse

Paul Hulse is no longer in Berkeley County after selling his land.

Paul Hulse appears in the 1793 and subsequent tax lists of Clark County, Kentucky with two males aged 16-20.  They were James Hulse and Thomas Hulse, who appear in the Clark County tax lists  when they reached 21.

24 July 1792
Land Grant: Robert Hulse, 367 acres on Sleepy Creek.   [Northern Neck Grants Book W, pp73-77.]

This was the grant issued on the survey of 1780 (see above.)

17 September 1793
Deed: Robert Huls and Mary his wife to Abraham Knots, all of Berkeley County, for £14, 100 acres, “…a certain part of a Tract of Land granted to Robert Huls… bearing date 17 of July 1792 for 367 acres… lying on the waters of Sleepy Creek… Beginning at Thomas Harmison’s line and running with the said line to his corner… Harmison’s Spring Run thence up the Spring run to Rose’s line…”  Signed: Robert (x) Huls, Mary (x) Huls.  Witness: Richard Culen, Absalom Knots, George Federick(?) , Ch. Wegener.  [Berkeley County Deed Book 11, p311.]

17 September 1793
Deed: Robert Huls and Mary his wife to William Hixson, all of Berkeley County, for £14:5:0, “a certain part of a Tract of Land granted to Robert Huls… 55 acres and one quarter and 10 poles, bearing date 17 of July 1792… Beginning at two poplars at the junction of Mountain Creek and Sleepy Creek corner to the Eeastern Tract William Hixson’s…”  Signed: Robert (x) Huls, Mary (x) Huls.  Witness: Richard Culen, Absalom Knots, George Federick)?), Ch. Wegener.  [Berkeley County Deed Book 11, p312.]

1793
Personal Property Tax List, Berkeley County, 1st Battalion:
Robert Huls – 1 poll, no horses
Personal Property Tax List, Berkeley County, 2nd Battalion:
William Hulse – 1 poll, 2 horses

1794
Personal Property Tax List, Berkeley County, 1st Battalion:
Robert Huls – 1 poll, 2 horses
Personal Property Tax List, Berkeley County, 2nd Battalion:
William Hulse – 1 poll, 2 horses

4 June 1795
Deed: Robert Hulse and Mary his wife to Matthias Nichols, all of Berkeley County, for £320 current money of Pennsylvania, 89 acres, “a certain tract of land lying on sleepy Creek in said County granted to Josiah Hulse by patent dated the 3rd day of June 1760 and by Paul Hulse heir at law of the said Josiah conveyed to Robert Hulse in the year 1779…” Also 59.5 acres “part of a tract of 367 acres granted the said Robert Hulse by patent dated the 24th of July 1792…”  Signed: Robert (x) Huls, Mary (x) Huls.  Witness: John Turner, Georg Federick, Henry Shriver, John Nichols. [Berkeley County Deed Book 12, p156.]

4 June 1795
Deed: Robert Hulse and Mary his wife to Henry Shriver, all of Berkeley County, for £30 current money of Pennsylvania, 24 acres,  “part of a tract of 367 acres granted the said Robert Hulse by patent dated the 24th of July 1792…”  Signed: Robert (x) Huls, Mary Huls (sic).  Witness: Jno. Turner, John Nichols, Georg Federick, Matias Nichols, . [Berkeley County Deed Book 12, p157.]

6 June 1795
Deed: Robert Hulse and Mary his wife to Henry Glaycomb, all of Berkeley County, for £11 current money of Pennsylvania, 24 acres,  “being part of a tract of 367 acres granted to the said Robert Hulse by patent dated the 24th of July 1792…”  Signed: Robert (x) Huls, Mary (x) Huls.  Witness: John Vance, John Nichols, Fed. Shriver, . [Berkeley County Deed Book 12, p159.]